united nations – Pro Impex http://proimpex.info/ Mon, 28 Mar 2022 20:55:31 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://proimpex.info/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/default1-150x150.png united nations – Pro Impex http://proimpex.info/ 32 32 Australia and the Netherlands take legal action against Russia over the downing of MH17 https://proimpex.info/australia-and-the-netherlands-take-legal-action-against-russia-over-the-downing-of-mh17/ Mon, 14 Mar 2022 07:35:00 +0000 https://proimpex.info/australia-and-the-netherlands-take-legal-action-against-russia-over-the-downing-of-mh17/ A view shows a memorial to the victims of the Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 plane crash near the village of Hrabove in Donetsk region, Ukraine March 9, 2020. REUTERS/Alexander Ermoshenko Join now for FREE unlimited access to Reuters.com Register SYDNEY, March 14 (Reuters) – Australia said it had filed a joint legal action with the […]]]>

A view shows a memorial to the victims of the Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 plane crash near the village of Hrabove in Donetsk region, Ukraine March 9, 2020. REUTERS/Alexander Ermoshenko

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SYDNEY, March 14 (Reuters) – Australia said it had filed a joint legal action with the Netherlands against Russia at the International Civil Aviation Organization over the downing of Malaysian flight MH17 Airlines eight years ago.

Russia was responsible under international law for the crash of the flight, and the action in the United Nations Aviation Council was a step forward in the fight for justice for 298 victims, including 38 Australians , Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Foreign Minister Marise Payne said in a statement on Monday.

The joint action under Article 84 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation is separate from a Dutch trial for the murder of four suspects for their individual criminal responsibility.

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MH17 was flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur on July 17, 2014 when it was hit over rebel-held eastern Ukraine by what international investigators and prosecutors described as a surface-to-air missile of Russian manufacture.

Moscow has consistently denied any involvement and promoted a series of alternative theories, which international investigators have dismissed as unsupported by evidence.

A verdict in the murder trial, involving three Russians and a Ukrainian still at large, is expected later this year. None of the defendants appeared before the Dutch court.

Australia and the Netherlands are reportedly relying on evidence that MH17 was shot down by a Russian surface-to-air missile system transported from Russia to an area in eastern Ukraine under the control of separatists backed by Russia, and was accompanied by a Russian military crew, the statement said.

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Reporting by Kirsty Needham; Editing by Raju Gopalakrishnan

Our standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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Ukraine sues Russia, but Moscow officials fail to show up https://proimpex.info/ukraine-sues-russia-but-moscow-officials-fail-to-show-up/ Tue, 08 Mar 2022 00:22:30 +0000 https://proimpex.info/ukraine-sues-russia-but-moscow-officials-fail-to-show-up/ “Faced with such open illegality, is this court completely powerless to arrest him?” asked Harold Hongju Koh, one of the lawyers representing Ukraine, in court on Monday. A professor of international law at Yale University, Koh served as legal counsel to the State Department during the Obama administration. The story continues under the ad “The […]]]>

“Faced with such open illegality, is this court completely powerless to arrest him?” asked Harold Hongju Koh, one of the lawyers representing Ukraine, in court on Monday. A professor of international law at Yale University, Koh served as legal counsel to the State Department during the Obama administration.

“The answer must be no,” he said, urging the court to quickly order Russia to withdraw from Ukraine.

The case centers on Russia’s official explanation for its invasion of Ukraine, which President Vladimir Putin says is aimed at ending a ‘genocide’ against pro-Russian separatists in the east of the country. . There is no evidence to support Russia’s claims.

“Ukraine comes to this court because of a preposterous lie and to seek protection from the devastating consequences of that lie,” said David Zionts, one of Ukraine’s lawyers. “The lie is the allegation of genocide in Ukraine made by the Russian Federation. The consequences are unprovoked aggression, cities under siege, civilians under fire.

A number of governments have accused Russia of war crimes in Ukraine. Citing “credible reports,” Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in multiple television interviews Sunday that the Biden administration was “documenting all of this, bringing it all together,” to provide support for whatever cases eventually come forward.

Experts and volunteers are working urgently to help provide Ukrainians on the ground with the equipment they may need to record the situation in real time, especially as cities like Kyiv and Dnipro are accessible at this time. but could eventually be completely surrounded or occupied.

Other countries, international organizations and Ukrainians are undertaking the same task as Russia continues its offensive. But there are many different jurisdictions and authorities to charge for violations of international and national law, many of which are unlikely to produce results in the near future, if at all.

Thirty-nine states have referred the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court (ICC), a separate entity that has the power to investigate genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, and that court has opened investigation. The ICC can indict individuals, but trying them requires their presence in court. This means that Putin – or any other indicted official – should either be handed over by his own government or arrested outside of Russia.

The ICC can only charge a country with aggression if it is a party to the treaty that created it or if it is referred by the United Nations Security Council. Russia is not a party (neither is the United States) to the treaty and can use its Council veto against any referral.

But even if someone can’t be immediately arrested, the charges alone can “weaken the individual and make them damaged property for their supporters,” said Stephen Rapp, chief of the Department of Global Justice’s office. from 2009 to 2015. He cited war crimes cases. of Slobodan Milosevic, former president of Serbia, and former Liberian president Charles Taylor. Milosevic died before his trial was completed. Taylor, the first former head of state ever convicted of a war crime, remains imprisoned in Britain.

Both Milosevic and Taylor were tried by special tribunals convened under the auspices of the UN. In a statement last week, a number of prominent former judges, prosecutors and international law experts called for the establishment of a special court “for the suppression of the crime of aggression against Ukraine”. They argued that such an effort would be both faster and more efficient than existing international tribunals.

The civilian death toll rose in Ukraine on March 7 as the country entered a new round of negotiations with Russia. (Alexa Juliana Ard/The Washington Post)

Some countries have claimed universal jurisdiction for war crimes or for abuses of their citizens as a basis for arrest. Former Chilean President Augusto Pinochet was indicted in Spain in 1998 for human rights abuses and corruption related to the treatment of Spanish citizens in Chile. He was arrested in Britain, but the government of that country decided against his extradition and eventually sent him home to Chile. In January, a German court, with the testimony of Syrian refugees, convicted a Syrian colonel accused of torture in his own country and sentenced him to life in prison.

If the Ukrainian government survives, it could choose to pursue its own prosecution for violations of the Ukrainian criminal code on its soil. But war crimes laws and courts can give international prosecutors additional tools to target chains of command that don’t exist in domestic law, experts say.

Much of the challenge for investigators is to trace responsibility up the chain of command in a way that can be defended in court. Establishing facts on the ground for others than direct participants in military operations “doesn’t get you to high-ranking individuals who are responsible for criminal acts,” said Bill Wiley, who heads the Commission for International Justice and responsibility.

“The whole point of international humanitarian law is to move up the chain of command,” said Clint Williamson, a former US war crimes envoy who is part of a State Department project to help build capacity on the ground to continue the proceedings.

“What we’ve seen so far in this conflict, most things fall into the category of indiscriminate attacks that affect civilians,” he said, a type of potential war crime. Things could get worse, he said. “We haven’t seen the kind of thing yet where you have Russian troops rounding up people and executing them like you saw in Yugoslavia.”

In Poland, where the bulk of Ukrainian refugees fled during the early days of fighting, civil society groups are already hard at work collecting documentation and interviews they hope could help in the future prosecution of crimes. of war.

At the Pilecki Institute, a Warsaw-based research and education organization that deals more generally with testimonies about past atrocities, an immediate goal is to collect signed testimonies that could potentially be used in court. But its leaders also hope to create a real-time archive of the crimes they believe are being perpetrated in Ukraine for future historians and researchers.

In its pleadings before the ICJ on Monday, Ukraine demanded immediate “provisional” relief, ordering Russia to cease its own military operations and stand down, and cease all support for any other armed groups, while the court examines whether Russia has the right to justify its action. actions on the grounds of “protecting” Ukraine from genocide.

There is precedent for such a provisional judgment, even if the accused does not appear. In 1984, Nicaragua won a similar decision at the ICJ against the United States for its funding and support of contra rebels seeking to overthrow the Nicaraguan government. The United States refused to participate in the proceedings, arguing that the ICJ, one of the founding components of the United Nations system, did not have jurisdiction. Later, he blocked law enforcement by the UN Security Council, refusing to pay the compensation ordered by Nicaragua.

As proceedings began in the imposing Great Hall of the ICJ in The Hague, the tribunal’s president, Joan E. Donoghue, said the Russian Embassy in the Netherlands informed the tribunal on Saturday that the Russian government ” did not intend to participate in the oral proceedings”. ”

Although Tuesday was set aside for Russia to challenge Ukraine’s case, the court retired to make a decision after Ukraine’s presentation.

Hannah Knowles and María Luisa Paúl contributed to this report.

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Trudeau meets with the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom and the Netherlands on the crisis in Ukraine https://proimpex.info/trudeau-meets-with-the-prime-ministers-of-the-united-kingdom-and-the-netherlands-on-the-crisis-in-ukraine/ Mon, 07 Mar 2022 10:52:30 +0000 https://proimpex.info/trudeau-meets-with-the-prime-ministers-of-the-united-kingdom-and-the-netherlands-on-the-crisis-in-ukraine/ Breadcrumb Links PMN Policy PMN News PMN Canada Author of the article: Publication date : March 07, 2022 • 35 minutes ago • 2 minute read • Join the conversation Content of the article LONDON — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau arrived at Royal Air Force Station Northolt outside London today for a meeting with British […]]]>

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LONDON — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau arrived at Royal Air Force Station Northolt outside London today for a meeting with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to discuss Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and to develop a strategy on the response of NATO countries to the conflict.

The two were joined by their Dutch counterpart, Mark Rutte.

Trudeau said he was happy to attend the trilateral meeting to support the people of Ukraine and “hold Russia to account and defend democracy around the world.”

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“We want to stand with the people of Ukraine and fight against Russia,” he said, adding that he “wants to talk about fighting disinformation and respecting the principles and values ​​they share.” .

Johnson welcomed his “friend” Justin Trudeau to the air base saying that “Canada and the UK agree on a lot of things”, adding that they were “particularly united in our stand against the aggression of Putin in Ukraine”.

In the following days, Trudeau will also meet with other leaders in Riga, Latvia, Berlin and Warsaw, Poland.

In addition, the Prime Minister’s busy agenda includes a meeting with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and a visit to the Latvian military base, where hundreds of Canadian Forces members contribute to Canada’s leadership in that country from NATO’s longstanding deterrent mission to bolster its Eastern European flank against Russia.

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Canadian Foreign Minister Melanie Joly has traveled to Europe in recent days for meetings with NATO and European Commission officials about ongoing efforts to sanction Russia.

International Development Minister Harjit Sajjan will also travel to Geneva, then join Trudeau in Eastern Europe to meet with the United Nations and others for talks on Ukraine.

Britain’s Ministry of Defense said in an intelligence update on Sunday that Russia’s tactics in Ukraine were comparable to their previous bombardments of towns in Chechnya in 1999 and Syria in 2016 with airstrikes and weapons. artillery, after Russian forces encountered unexpected resistance. The intelligence report says the strength of Ukrainian fighters continues to surprise the Russians and that the bombardment of cities including Kharkiv, Chernihiv and Mariupol was an effort to break Ukrainian morale.

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During an hour-long conversation on Sunday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged Russian President Vladimir Putin to stop fighting in an attempt to address humanitarian concerns and try to find a political solution.

The Kremlin said Putin responded that Russia’s military action in Ukraine could only be stopped “if Kiev ceases hostilities and meets Russia’s well-known demands.”

As a third round of talks between Ukraine and Russia is scheduled for today, the Kremlin said Putin had expressed hope that Ukraine would take full account of “emerging realities”.

It is not possible to know the exact number of people killed since the February 24 invasion. The United Nations human rights office said 364 civilians were killed, but the true number is likely much higher.

Russian and Ukrainian officials did not provide information on military casualties.

This report from The Canadian Press was first published on March 7, 2022.

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a war criminal, that’s why The Hague can try Kaiser https://proimpex.info/a-war-criminal-thats-why-the-hague-can-try-kaiser/ Fri, 04 Mar 2022 05:48:58 +0000 https://proimpex.info/a-war-criminal-thats-why-the-hague-can-try-kaiser/ By Mario Arpino War Crimes. This is the American accusation of Russia’s war in Ukraine. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken announced that the United States was “documenting” possible war crimes by Russia and condemned the use of prohibited weapons and attacks on civilians. The International Court of Justice (IGC), the main judicial body of the […]]]>

By Mario Arpino War Crimes. This is the American accusation of Russia’s war in Ukraine. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken announced that the United States was “documenting” possible war crimes by Russia and condemned the use of prohibited weapons and attacks on civilians. The International Court of Justice (IGC), the main judicial body of the United Nations, announced last Friday that it would hold public hearings on 7 and 8 March devoted to Ukraine’s “requests for information” in the context of the Agreement on prevention and repression. of the crime. Definition But what acts can be qualified as war crimes? Before trying to answer, remember that the International Criminal Court (ICC) also sits in The Hague, which has opened an investigation into the situation in Ukraine – whose founding law is not ratified by Kiev and Moscow. . To avoid any confusion, it is necessary to specify how the Cpi and the Cig operate separately and in relation to accusers of different types: while the first judges statements, the second judges individuals. Rules However, there have long been written rules governing armed conflict. The conflict in Ukraine must be qualified as an “international armed conflict”, governed by the four Geneva Conventions of August 1949 and Additional Protocol I, adopted in June 1977. Certain rules of customary law, already inspired by the First Convention of the Hague, are also relevant the 1997 Ottawa Convention which prohibits anti-personnel mines, the 2008 Oslo Convention on the use of cluster bombs and other prohibitions related to napalm, phosphorus bombs, depleted uranium and eliminators. It should be noted that some States, despite their participation in the elaboration of the treaties, have not ratified them. Among them, Russia, the United States or Ukraine. Regulation Not everything is regulated in detail, and most likely it won’t be at all. Nevertheless, …

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The Ukrainian flag flies at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Russian flag shot down in Rotterdam https://proimpex.info/the-ukrainian-flag-flies-at-the-ministry-of-foreign-affairs-russian-flag-shot-down-in-rotterdam/ Tue, 01 Mar 2022 06:00:00 +0000 https://proimpex.info/the-ukrainian-flag-flies-at-the-ministry-of-foreign-affairs-russian-flag-shot-down-in-rotterdam/ On Monday, the Foreign Ministry raised the Ukrainian flag outside its offices in The Hague. The ministry posted an image of the flag waving side by side with the Dutch flag on social media. Uit solidarityit met #Oekraine en het Oekraïense volk hijsen wij bij het Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken de Oekraïense vlag. Nederland veroordeelt […]]]>

On Monday, the Foreign Ministry raised the Ukrainian flag outside its offices in The Hague. The ministry posted an image of the flag waving side by side with the Dutch flag on social media.

“The Netherlands condemns the Russian invasion in the strongest possible terms. #StandWithUkraine,” the ministry wrote on Twitter. The photograph is meant to demonstrate Dutch solidarity with the invaded country.

As one flag rose in The Hague, another fell in Rotterdam. The city council took the decision to remove the Russian flag from the flag parade in the Boompjes district on Sunday. On Monday, the Ukrainian flag was added to the gallery’s main pole, according to AD news.

This is not the only place where the flag has flown in Rotterdam. On Thursday, he was also hoisted in front of City Hall and the Erasmus Bridge lit up blue and yellow to show his support.

The International Parade of Flags is made up of more than 200 flagpoles that carry the flags of all UN countries, alongside the 174 nationalities that make up the city of Rotterdam. Unfortunately, the parade was hit hard by Storm Eunice last week; more than 20 masts were broken.

The Hague has a similar flag parade representing all UN countries, but has decided not to remove the Russian flag. Despite Russia’s “unprecedented act of aggression”, the country “is still a member of the United Nations”, the city said.

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Russia hits Ukrainian oil and gas facilities in wave of attacks | Russian-Ukrainian crisis https://proimpex.info/russia-hits-ukrainian-oil-and-gas-facilities-in-wave-of-attacks-russian-ukrainian-crisis/ Sun, 27 Feb 2022 07:11:50 +0000 https://proimpex.info/russia-hits-ukrainian-oil-and-gas-facilities-in-wave-of-attacks-russian-ukrainian-crisis/ Russia has unleashed a wave of attacks on Ukraine, targeting fuel facilities and airfields in what appears to be the next phase of an invasion that has been stalled by fierce resistance. Huge explosions lit up the sky early Sunday south of the capital, Kyiv, where people hunkered down in homes, underground garages and metro […]]]>

Russia has unleashed a wave of attacks on Ukraine, targeting fuel facilities and airfields in what appears to be the next phase of an invasion that has been stalled by fierce resistance.

Huge explosions lit up the sky early Sunday south of the capital, Kyiv, where people hunkered down in homes, underground garages and metro stations and the government maintained a 39-hour curfew in anticipation of a full-scale assault by Russian forces.

Flames rose into the pre-dawn sky from an oil depot near an airbase in Vasylkiv, near Kiev, where there was heavy fighting, according to the city’s mayor. President Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s office said another explosion occurred at Zhuliany civilian airport.

Zelenskyy’s office also said Russian forces blew up a gas pipeline in Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city, prompting the government to warn people to protect themselves from the smoke by covering their windows with a damp cloth or the gauze.

“We will fight as long as necessary to liberate our country,” Zelenskyy said.

The curfew in Kiev is expected to last until Monday morning. The relative calm of the capital was sporadically disturbed by gunfire.

Russian-backed separatists in the eastern province of Luhansk said a Ukrainian missile blew up an oil terminal in the town of Rovenky.

More than 150,000 Ukrainians have fled to Poland, Moldova and other neighboring countries, and the United Nations has warned the number could rise to four million if fighting escalates.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has not revealed his ultimate goal, but Western officials believe he is determined to overthrow the Ukrainian government and replace it with his own regime, redraw the map of Europe and revive the influence of Moscow during the Cold War era.

To help Ukraine resist, the United States pledged an additional $350 million in military aid, including anti-tank weapons, body armor and small arms. Germany said it would send anti-tank missiles and weapons to the beleaguered country and close its airspace to Russian planes.

Meanwhile, the European Union, the United Kingdom and the United States have agreed to block “selected” Russian banks from the global financial messaging system SWIFT, which transfers money between banks and other institutions. around the world, as part of a new round of sanctions aimed at exacting a heavy toll on Moscow for the invasion. They also agreed to impose “restrictive measures” on Russia’s central bank.

It is unclear how much territory Russian forces seized or how much of their advance was blocked. The British Ministry of Defense said: “The speed of the Russian advance has temporarily slowed, probably due to acute logistical difficulties and heavy Ukrainian resistance.”

The fighting on the outskirts of the city suggested that small Russian units were trying to clear a path for the main forces. Small groups of Russian troops were reported inside Kiev, but Britain and the United States said the bulk of the forces were 30 km (19 miles) from the city’s center on Saturday after- midday.

Russia says its assault on Ukraine from the north, east and south is aimed only at military targets, but bridges, schools and residential neighborhoods have been hit.

Ukraine’s health minister announced on Saturday that 198 people, including three children, had been killed and more than 1,000 others injured. It was unclear whether these figures included both military and civilian casualties.

INTERACTIVE- Where Ukrainians are fleeing around February 26

Ukrainian Ambassador to the United States Oksana Markarova said troops in Kiev were fighting Russian “sabotage groups”. According to Ukraine, some 200 Russian soldiers were captured and thousands killed.

Markarova said Ukraine was gathering evidence of bombings of residential areas, kindergartens and hospitals to submit to The Hague as possible crimes against humanity.

Putin sent troops to Ukraine after denying for weeks that he intended to do so, while building up a force of nearly 200,000 troops along the countries’ borders.

He says the West has not taken Russia’s security concerns about NATO, the Western military alliance that Ukraine aspires to join, seriously. But he also expressed his contempt for Ukraine’s right to exist as an independent state.

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Gambia urges UN tribunal to pursue Rohingya genocide case https://proimpex.info/gambia-urges-un-tribunal-to-pursue-rohingya-genocide-case/ Wed, 23 Feb 2022 13:35:00 +0000 https://proimpex.info/gambia-urges-un-tribunal-to-pursue-rohingya-genocide-case/ THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — Lawyers for The Gambia on Wednesday urged the United Nations’ highest court to reject Myanmar’s legal bid to end a case accusing the Southeast Asian nation of genocide against the country’s Rohingya minority. “This tribunal must dismiss Myanmar’s baseless preliminary objections and proceed to adjudication on the merits of this […]]]>

THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — Lawyers for The Gambia on Wednesday urged the United Nations’ highest court to reject Myanmar’s legal bid to end a case accusing the Southeast Asian nation of genocide against the country’s Rohingya minority.

“This tribunal must dismiss Myanmar’s baseless preliminary objections and proceed to adjudication on the merits of this dispute,” Gambia’s Attorney General and Justice Minister Dawda Jallow told judges at the International Court of Justice.

Lawyer Paul S. Reichler said the military takeover of Myanmar last year made the case all the more important as the country’s new rulers are believed to be behind the atrocities committed against the Rohingyas.

“If they can escape the jurisdiction of the court, they will be held accountable to no one and there will be no compulsion to their persecution and ultimate destruction of the Rohingya,” he warned, adding that “the Rohingya remain under grave threat from mass atrocities. ”

The case stems from what the Myanmar military called a mine clearance campaign it launched in Rakhine state in 2017 after an attack by a group of Rohingya insurgents. Security forces have been blamed for mass rapes, murders and burning thousands of homes as more than 700,000 Rohingya fled to neighboring Bangladesh.

The African nation of Gambia has argued that the 2017 crackdown amounts to genocide and is calling on the world court to hold Myanmar accountable.

On Monday, lawyers representing Myanmar’s military-installed government urged judges at the world court to dismiss the case, arguing they lacked jurisdiction, in part because they say Gambia was acting as a doorway. -word of an organization of Muslim nations.

Myanmar’s legal team was led by Ko Ko Hlaing, the Minister for International Cooperation. He replaced pro-democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi, who led the country’s legal team during earlier hearings in the case in 2019. She is now in prison after being convicted of what her supporters call false accusations.

The head of the Gambian legal team pointed out that the case was brought by The Gambia and not by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

“We are not anyone’s agent,” Jallow told the court.

“It’s really a dispute between The Gambia and Myanmar,” he added in a direct rebuttal to Myanmar’s argument that the Gambia case was actually brought by the Muslim organization and that the court can only hear cases between nations.

Judges will likely take months to rule on Myanmar’s preliminary objections. If they reject them, the case will go forward and will likely take years to come to a conclusion.

Democracy advocates have harshly criticized the UN tribunal for allowing the military government to represent Myanmar in a case involving alleged atrocities committed by the country’s armed forces.

“It is outrageous that the ICJ is proceeding with these hearings on the basis of representation from the junta. The junta is not the government of Myanmar, it does not represent the state of Myanmar, and it is dangerous for the court to allow it to present itself as such,” said Chris Sidoti of the advocacy group Special Advisory Council for Myanmar.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

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Venezuelan prosecutor rejects Duque’s threats to The Hague https://proimpex.info/venezuelan-prosecutor-rejects-duques-threats-to-the-hague/ Thu, 17 Feb 2022 22:33:30 +0000 https://proimpex.info/venezuelan-prosecutor-rejects-duques-threats-to-the-hague/ In statements exclusive to Prensa Latina, the magistrate pointed out that “the failed and unsuccessful sub-president of Colombia is not the one who says in a scenario like the International Criminal Court, that sanctions will come for Venezuela”. I don’t think the president of a country, where crimes against social leaders and ex-guerrillas already exceed […]]]>

In statements exclusive to Prensa Latina, the magistrate pointed out that “the failed and unsuccessful sub-president of Colombia is not the one who says in a scenario like the International Criminal Court, that sanctions will come for Venezuela”.

I don’t think the president of a country, where crimes against social leaders and ex-guerrillas already exceed one hundred, can talk about human rights, the prosecutor told this agency.

“How can someone with an index of unpopularity and extreme rejection, who runs a criminal, drug-trafficking government, believe that he can teach lessons? Massacres are the order of the day there, state terrorism marks daily life and seeks to judge our nation,” he stressed.

Saab predicted in his statements to Prensa Latina that one day it will be Duque who will find himself in the dock before the criminal court, to be tried for crimes against humanity against the Colombian people.

This Thursday morning, the Colombian head of state offered statements to the press outside the CPI, where he assured that “much more energetic processes” awaited Venezuela and accused his counterpart Nicolás Maduro.

Meanwhile, the President of the National Assembly, Jorge Rodríguez, denounced this Thursday that on 24 occasions the Venezuelan state presented evidence of Duque’s involvement in the attacks and dangerous incursions against peace in this South American nation.

In a press conference from the Federal Legislative Palace, in Caracas, he pointed out that these tests were delivered between 2018 and 2022 in front of international entities such as the United Nations, accusing Colombia of using intelligence agencies, police forces to attack Venezuela.

According to Rodríguez, the Colombian government has funded the armed criminal gangs of Cota 905, El Valle and La Vega, located in Caracas, which are dedicated to kidnapping and drug trafficking to destabilize this country.

ef/msm/ycv

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Here are Amsterdam’s leading female entrepreneurs to watch in 2022 – Part 2 https://proimpex.info/here-are-amsterdams-leading-female-entrepreneurs-to-watch-in-2022-part-2/ Thu, 03 Feb 2022 14:16:57 +0000 https://proimpex.info/here-are-amsterdams-leading-female-entrepreneurs-to-watch-in-2022-part-2/ Many female entrepreneurs are shaping the future of Amsterdam‘s startup ecosystem. According to data from the Chamber of Commerce (KVK), 39% of the approximately 120,000 Dutch startups launched last year were owned by women. Many initiatives have also emerged to support women in tech who are struggling to make their mark. 🏆 Meet the 20 […]]]>

Many female entrepreneurs are shaping the future of Amsterdam‘s startup ecosystem.

According to data from the Chamber of Commerce (KVK), 39% of the approximately 120,000 Dutch startups launched last year were owned by women. Many initiatives have also emerged to support women in tech who are struggling to make their mark.

🏆 Meet the 20 EIT Digital finalists!

Get to know the amazing finalists here

Get to know the amazing finalists here Show less

For example, the city of Amsterdam invested €750,000 in RISE – Female hub Amsterdam, in 2020 to empower female entrepreneurs, tech professionals and create more equal opportunities for women and men.

As entrepreneurs, businesswomen are changing the world by fighting for more diversity and equality. Let’s take a look at the game changers – the women leading the way in Amsterdam’s startup ecosystem.

Image credits: Tatiana Pastukhova

Tatyana Pastukhova

Co-founder of Teenit

Tatiana (Lukyanova) Pastukhova is the co-founder of Teenit, an educational smart budgeting app for teens.

She has over 15 years of experience in many roles ranging from product management, business strategy and development to user experience design and agile transformations.

She completed her studies in MSc in Physics and MSc in Communication, Behavior and Credibility Analysis.

Tatiana has experience delivering technology products to international companies of various sizes and domains – logistics, recruitment, stock trading, gaming, video entertainment, with a focus on C2C and B2C e-commerce.

Image credits: Sandra van Beest

Sandra van Beest

Founder and CEO of The Social Handshake

Sandra van Beest is the founder of The Social Handshake, an Amsterdam startup that makes it easier for employees and employers to donate to charities. Sandra’s experience ranges from the NGO sector to that of a consulting business strategist at the Boston Consulting Group.

Sandra interrupted her studies for a few years from 2006 to 2008 to work as a youth representative to the United Nations. She completed her Masters in Conflict Studies at Radbound University.

Image credits: Ceren Danis

Ceren Danis

Founder of Wearebasics

Ceren Danis is the founder of Wearebasics, a subscription-based fashion tech company that delivers and collects sustainable clothing to and from you.

She obtained her BSc in Economics and Business Economics at Utrecht University and her MSc in Finance and Investment at Rotterdam School of Management.

Prior to starting her full-time entrepreneurial journey, she worked at ABN AMRO Bank as a Global Markets Associate, The Citco Group of Companies and as a Corporate Finance Intern.

Image credits: Dr. Nilofer Christensen

Dr Nilofer Christensen

Founder and CEO of Swap-studio

Dr. Nilofer Christensen is the founder and CEO of Swap-Studio, an online peer-to-peer platform, where members swap things they no longer want using a community currency called kudos. She is also the founder of BeanTrails, a platform that offers eco-friendly coffee cups.

She worked at TomTom for five years before becoming COO at Chargetrip in 2020. Nilofer completed her executive education at Cambridge Judge Business School and London Business School.

Image credits: Angela Ursem

Angela Ursem

Founder of Food for Skin

Angela is the founder of Food for Skin, a clean, green, vegetable-based vegan skincare brand. Prior to her entrepreneurial journey, she worked for Tony’s Chocolonely for two years as Brand Captain and Movement Maker. Besides Food for Skin, Angela volunteers for 2 organizations focused on emergency humanitarian response.

Image credits: Laurie Lancee

Laurie Lancee

Founder of Vinimini

Laurie Lancee is the founder of Vinimini, an Amsterdam startup that provides reliable food supplements that help prevent food allergies in babies. She is also the founder of LauLan Finance.

Laurie graduated in hotel management and business administration and has worked in Paris, Shanghai and London. She moved to Amsterdam and graduated with a degree in Business Economics and a Certified Global Management Accountant (CGMA).

Over the past 13 years, Laurie has built a successful career in corporate finance and accounting at multinational companies such as HEINEKEN.

Image credits: Zsofia Kollar

Zsofia Kollar

Founder of Human Material Loop

Zsofia Kollar is a designer and founder of Human Material Loop, a startup that explores the concept of humans as sustainable materials of the future. She is interested in human interaction, society in general and the politics of everyday life.

Zsofia founded the company with a mission to show that people are equal to the ecosystem and not above it. She has also published a book, “Object-Oriented Identity”, which deals with consumer identity.

Image credits: Anne-Sophie Schürmann

Anne-Sophie Schurmann

Founder of Growth & Gluunder

Anne founded Growth & Gluunder to provide specialist family, school and group counseling for children with developmental disabilities. In addition, she is also the founder of Vesper, a school daycare designed to support children aged 4 to 13 with additional care needs. She obtained her MSc at the University of Amsterdam.

Image credits: Melissa Romero

Melissa Romero

Co-founder and CEO of Baubo.Care

Melissa is a seasoned business leader with extensive experience across a wide range of CPG categories in marketing, sales and general management roles.

She has a proven track record in building brands, leading cross-functional teams and achieving key performance indicators (revenue, share, profit, brand penetration and equity).

After a decade at the world’s largest CPG company, Melissa was chosen from a select pool of talent to join startup builder Antler, where she combined her experience and passions to create a new company: Baubo.care – a platform that aims to empower women to experience menopause in a positive way.

Image credits: Monique Janke

Monique Janke

Co-founder of Bundleboon

Monique is the co-founder of Bundleboon, a personal shopping experience for parents and children. She has a broad understanding of business including investment raising, inventory analysis, team management and marketing strategy.

According to Monique, her main focus is on online shopping and fashion. She, along with her co-founder, appeared on Dutch Dragons’ Den in 2020.

Image credits: Nelli Jeloudar

Nelli Jeloudar

Co-founder of Bundleboon

Nelli, the co-founder of Bundleboon, completed her studies in English and marketing management because the ethics of promotional activities excited her. Prior to Bundleboon, she worked for a similar company called The Cloakroom, an online personal shopping service for men.

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To support US interests, ratify UNCLOS and the Rotterdam Rules https://proimpex.info/to-support-us-interests-ratify-unclos-and-the-rotterdam-rules/ Fri, 28 Jan 2022 23:25:00 +0000 https://proimpex.info/to-support-us-interests-ratify-unclos-and-the-rotterdam-rules/ The USS Benfold is conducting a freedom of navigation operation in the South China Sea, respecting the rights of foreign ships under UNCLOS. The United States supports the principles of the treaty but has not ratified it. (picture from USN file) Posted on January 28, 2022 at 6:25 p.m. by David J. Farrell, Jr. From […]]]>

The USS Benfold is conducting a freedom of navigation operation in the South China Sea, respecting the rights of foreign ships under UNCLOS. The United States supports the principles of the treaty but has not ratified it. (picture from USN file)

Posted on January 28, 2022 at 6:25 p.m. by

David J. Farrell, Jr.

From photos of anchored container ships waiting to unload in US ports highlighting supply chain crisis, to China’s maritime expansionism in the Pacific further threatening international trade and peace, current events point to two treaties international shipping laws that the Senate should now ratify: (1) the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea, known as the “Rotterdam Rules” and (2) the Convention on United Nations Law of the Sea, better known as the “Convention on the Law of the Sea” or “UNCLOS.”

Rotterdam Rules

First, the very purpose of the Rotterdam Rules is to encourage global e-commerce to replace the slow paper transactions dating from the early days of shipping. Much of the global shipping industry is stuck in this archaic stamping, signing, shipping, re-stamping, re-signing, copying, transferring and delivering paper bills of lading and other shipping documents at every link of transport. This is due to outdated and sometimes conflicting maritime treaties. One, the Hague Rules, dates back to 1924, implemented in the United States by the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act of 1936. Much has changed since then with the multimodal transport of containers by ship, rail and truck.

Because shipping is so international, legal uniformity, trade predictability, and global harmonization with modern containerization and e-commerce are key to reducing cargo processing time and errors that lead to chain issues. supply.

The Rotterdam Rules provide the international legal regime necessary to support containerized e-commerce and the reductions in transport time resulting from more efficient movement of goods on its ocean route, as well as on its forward and onward land journeys in transactions of multinational transport.

Since the role of the United States as an importer and exporter of cargo occupies such an important segment of global maritime trade, the Rotterdam rules will have to be adopted by the United States before the rest of the world’s maritime countries do. sign – and they will. The United States must take the first step – and we should.

The Rotterdam Rules will not only speed things up; they are also good for the United States. Most Americans are unaware that there are almost no commercial ships operated internationally by American companies: nearly all of our inbound and outbound cargo is carried on foreign vessels. Because the Rotterdam Rules level the playing field in terms of liability for U.S. cargo interests vis-à-vis foreign vessels and encourage cargo security on board, ratification of the treaty will benefit producers, producers and manufacturers. American freight exporters as well as American importing consumers.

Much of the supply chain crisis has certainly been caused by pandemic online shopping from home, which may or may not ease in the future. And while there will continue to be supply chain challenges in overcoming a shortage of truck drivers, chassis and warehouse space at U.S. ports and in modernizing port infrastructure, accelerating millions and millions of routine freight transport journeys with e-commerce supported by uniform international standards. the law governing global transactions is a no-brainer.

The Rotterdam Rules will achieve this. Supported worldwide by shipping carriers, shippers, receivers and insurers, the Rotterdam Rules will leverage e-commerce technology and the smooth unloading of cargo at our ports. The Senate should ratify the Rotterdam Rules now without any partisan wrangling.

UNCLOS

Second, recent maritime power plays highlight the long-awaited need for the Senate to ratify UNCLOS – also without bickering. Because the United States favorably negotiated its provisions in the 1980s-1990s, UNCLOS enshrines freedom of navigation on the high seas and, if ratified by us, will advance our interests as a global maritime power. Top U.S. military leaders — not just the Navy and Coast Guard — have consistently supported ratification. UNCLOS also advances the interests of the United States as a coastal nation and our rights to natural resources in our 200-mile offshore Exclusive Economic Zone. In addition, UNCLOS promotes the environmental health of the world’s oceans.

Senate ratification of UNCLOS is now more urgent than ever so that the United States can legally challenge China’s ongoing maritime expansionism, including China’s militaristic annexation of the Spratly Islands in the Sea of Southern China and China’s aggressiveness toward Taiwan, the Philippines, Australia, and the Pacific trade routes used to transport American goods. China is also trying to restrict freedom of navigation and overflight on the high seas off its coast, unlike UNCLOS.

Since the United States is not a party to UNCLOS, we are handcuffed and hypocritical when we criticize China for its UNCLOS transgressions. Also troubling, unless we ratify UNCLOS, the United States will be left ashore when China strikes on the sly over the Authority’s planned 2023 deep-sea mining permit issuance. international seabed created by UNCLOS.

Even with America’s domestic political divisions, China’s militarism and seafaring maneuvers are something Republicans and Democrats should agree to limit by bilaterally mustering the two-thirds vote of the Senate needed under the US Constitution to ratify this. treaty.

China must also be watched closely in the Arctic – another region where the United States is crippled without the force of UNCLOS behind us. China claims to be a “near-Arctic state” and conducts “scientific research” in the Arctic. To maintain its ‘Polar Silk Road’, China is building its third Arctic icebreaker – unlike the United States which now has just one old heavy icebreaker which splits its time between the Arctic and the Pacific. ‘Antarctic.

Russia, of course, is also a concern. Its aggressive claims in the Black Sea and on the Arctic continental shelf and international straits are contrary to UNCLOS, but again our protests are futile since the United States is not a party to the treaty. As we all know, Arctic sea ice is rapidly melting and just as rapidly opening up the Arctic to commercial shipping. Faster than using the Suez Canal, it is now viable in summer to sail from the Pacific through the Bering Strait west to Alaska and along the Northern Sea Route over Russia towards Europe.

Additionally, cruise ships, commercial fishing, energy development and mineral exploration are new and growing Arctic industries. These pose environmental risks, including devastating cold-water oil spills and other maritime accidents far, far, far away from the Coast Guard and first responders of any country. Circumpolar Inuit and others are facing upheaval.

But without ratifying UNCLOS, the United States has limited control over Arctic developments. Importantly, unless we ratify UNCLOS, a US representative cannot sit on the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf to best protect the contours of our claim to a US exclusive economic zone north of Alaska.

The resources of the Arctic Ocean are opening up, for better or worse, as are the geopolitical claims on them, but the United States is losing both.

With 161 other countries plus the European Union having already adopted UNCLOS, our failure to ratify the treaty lends credence to global skepticism of American leadership and declining respect for the United States in promoting peace. international rule of law. UNCLOS is recognized by the rest of the world as the international law of the sea – and even the United States recognizes it. International tribunals have rendered dozens of legal decisions on the law of the sea. But because we are not a UNCLOS actor, we have no influence on this emerging international jurisprudence and all that the States United argue on the world stage regarding maritime issues is taken with a grain of sea salt.

The United States should ratify UNCLOS now to reap our negotiated benefits.

There are no downsides and only upsides for the United States. In practice, we already adhere closely to UNCLOS standards, so the United States can ratify without any disruption to our military or commercial operations. By gaining seats at various UNCLOS tables, we will be able to influence the evolution of maritime developments and laws. And with our expanded ocean access, America’s maritime industries and workers will have more work.

It should also be recognized that any anti-UN sentiment opposed to UNCLOS not only lacks foundation, but would also miss the opportunity for the United States to best advance our maritime interests and sovereignty – including the assertion of American rights in the Arctic and elsewhere.

Ratify both treaties now

The United States Maritime Law Association, fully joined by the American Bar Association, urges the Biden administration and the Senate to take immediate action to ratify these two international maritime treaties which should enjoy bipartisan support. They will enable the United States to better respond to current and future global maritime issues.

In summary, the United States, as a maritime power, should endorse the universally accepted international law of the sea by ratifying UNCLOS so that we can reap the benefits, and should also lead the world in adopting the Rotterdam Rules for facilitate electronic, interconnected and global ocean commerce.

David J. Farrell, Jr. is president of the United States Maritime Law Association, founded in 1899. Its membership consists of 2,200 maritime lawyers and industry leaders. The association does not lobby because its members professionally represent a wide variety of often conflicting interests. But on particularly valid public policies that would benefit from a legal solution without inconvenience, he adopts consensus resolutions, as he did to encourage the United States to ratify UNCLOS and the Rotterdam Rules.

The opinions expressed here are those of the author and not necessarily those of The Maritime Executive.

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