a war criminal, that’s why The Hague can try Kaiser

By Mario Arpino War Crimes. This is the American accusation of Russia’s war in Ukraine. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken announced that the United States was “documenting” possible war crimes by Russia and condemned the use of prohibited weapons and attacks on civilians. The International Court of Justice (IGC), the main judicial body of the United Nations, announced last Friday that it would hold public hearings on 7 and 8 March devoted to Ukraine’s “requests for information” in the context of the Agreement on prevention and repression. of the crime. Definition But what acts can be qualified as war crimes? Before trying to answer, remember that the International Criminal Court (ICC) also sits in The Hague, which has opened an investigation into the situation in Ukraine – whose founding law is not ratified by Kiev and Moscow. . To avoid any confusion, it is necessary to specify how the Cpi and the Cig operate separately and in relation to accusers of different types: while the first judges statements, the second judges individuals. Rules However, there have long been written rules governing armed conflict. The conflict in Ukraine must be qualified as an “international armed conflict”, governed by the four Geneva Conventions of August 1949 and Additional Protocol I, adopted in June 1977. Certain rules of customary law, already inspired by the First Convention of the Hague, are also relevant the 1997 Ottawa Convention which prohibits anti-personnel mines, the 2008 Oslo Convention on the use of cluster bombs and other prohibitions related to napalm, phosphorus bombs, depleted uranium and eliminators. It should be noted that some States, despite their participation in the elaboration of the treaties, have not ratified them. Among them, Russia, the United States or Ukraine. Regulation Not everything is regulated in detail, and most likely it won’t be at all. Nevertheless, …

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